The following resources provide further information on equitable delivery of vaccination programmes and address vaccine confidence.
COVID-19 vaccine uptake: NHS Confederation (2021)
Evidence suggests that people from minority ethnic backgrounds are more likely to be hesitant to accept the COVID-19 vaccine. The NHS Race and Health Observatory working group has designed an inforgraphic identifying ways of engaging with ethnic minority groups around the COVID-19 vaccine.
View the NHS Race and Health Observatory working group COVID-19 infographic (external website)
COVID-19 and influenza vaccine confidence: Vaccine Confidence Project & London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (2020)
The Vaccine Confidence Project has shared a webinar that provides an overview of the challenges posed by co-epidemics such as seasonal influenza and COVID-19, reflecting on lessons learnt from the previous H1N1 pandemic.
View the Vaccine Confidence Project webinar (external website)
Interventions to improve engagement with immunisation programmes in selected underserved populations: NHS Health Scotland (2019)
Underserved populations experience significant health inequalities. They are often under-vaccinated and therefore have a greater risk of vaccine-preventable diseases.
NHS Health Scotland published an evidence review that considers interventions focused on people from deprived areas, people whose first language is not English, people with learning disabilities and Gypsy/Traveller communities.
Interventions to engage people aged 60 years and over in influenza, shingles and pneumococcal immunisation programmes: NHS Health Scotland (2020)
NHS Health Scotland published a study looking at interventions to improve uptake of flu, shingles and pneumococcal immunisation programmes among adults aged 60 years and older.
This indicates that patient access to vaccination and uptake can benefit from:
- patient outreach, such as home visits
- delivery of vaccines through pharmacy-based services
- reminders to patients, such as letters, postcards or phone calls
TIP: Tailoring Immunization Programmes: World Health Organization (2019)
The WHO has published an approach for achieving high and equitable vaccine uptake in an area by addressing barriers to vaccination. The Tailoring Immunisation Programmes (TIP) approach is founded on three main pillars:
- six values and principles
- a theoretical model
- a phased process with detailed exercises
The phases and steps of a TIP process are described in detail in this publication, supported by inspiration examples and exercises for TIP planning workshops.
View the WHO Tailoring Immunization Programme (TIP) approach (external website)