Background: During the Covid-19 pandemic, otolaryngologists are at risk due to aerosol-generating procedures such as mastoidectomy and need enhanced personal protective equipment (PPE). Eye protection can interfere with the use of a microscope due to a reduction in the field of vision. We aimed to study the effect of PPE on the microsurgical field. Methods: Five surgeons measured the visual field using digital calipers at different power settings. They were done with no PPE, a surgical mask, FFP3 mask (N99), and with the addition of small goggles, large vistamax goggles, vistamax plus a face shield, and only a face shield. The measurements were repeated with rings of 5 mm increments. We also measured the “eye relief” of the microscope which is the ideal distance for maximum field of view. Results: There was no major reduction of the field with the surgical or FFP3 mask. But even simple goggles reduced the field up to 31.6% and there were progressive reductions of up to 75.7% with large goggles, 76.8% when a face shield was added, and 61.9% when only face shield was used. The distance rings more than 5 mm also affected the field of view. The eye relief of our eyepiece was found to be 15 mm. Conclusion: The current PPE eye protection is not compatible with the use of a microscope. There is scope for research into better eye protection. Mitigation strategies including barrier drapes and alternative techniques such as endoscopic surgery or use of exoscopes should also be considered.


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Cite as

Iyer, A., Tikka, T., Calder, N., Qamar, S. & Chin, A. 2020, 'Effect of personal protection equipment (PPE) and the distance from the eye piece of surgical microscope on the field of vision: an experimental study', Otology & Neurotology, 42(4), pp. 606-613. https://doi.org/10.1097/mao.0000000000002989

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Last updated: 17 June 2022
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