An online survey was conducted to identify factors associated with financial insecurity, food insecurity and poor quality of daily lives of adults in Nigeria during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The associations between the outcome (experience of financial loss, changes in food intake and impact of the pandemic on daily lives) and the explanatory (age, sex, education level, anxiety, depression, HIV status) variables were determined using logistic regression analysis. Of the 4439 respondents, 2487 (56.0%) were financially insecure, 907 (20.4%) decreased food intake and 4029 (90.8%) had their daily life negatively impacted. Males (AOR:0.84), people who felt depressed (AOR:0.62) and people living with HIV -PLHIV- (AOR:0.70) had significantly lower odds of financial insecurity. Older respondents (AOR:1.01) had significantly higher odds of financial insecurity. Those depressed (AOR:0.62) and PLHIV (AOR:0.55) had significantly lower odds of reporting decreased food intake. Respondents who felt anxious (AOR:0.07), depressed (AOR: 0.48) and who were PLHIV (AOR:0.68) had significantly lower odds of reporting a negative impact of the pandemic on their daily lives. We concluded the study findings may reflect a complex relationship between financial insecurity, food insecurity, poor quality of life, mental health, and socioeconomic status of adults living in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic


© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Cite as

Folayan, M., Ibigbami, O., El Tantawi, M., Brown, B., Aly, N., Ezechi, O., Abeldaño, G., Ara, E., Ayanore, M., Ellakany, P., Gaffar, B., Al-Khanati, N., Idigbe, I., Ishabiyi, A., Jafer, M., Khan, A., Khalid, Z., Lawal, F., Lusher, J., Nzimande, N., Osamika, B., Quadri, M., Roque, M., Al-Tammemi, A., Yousaf, M., Virtanen, J., Abeldaño Zuñiga, R., Okeibunor, J. & Nguyen, A. 2021, 'Factors associated with financial security, food security and quality of daily lives of residents in Nigeria during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(15), article no: 7925. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157925

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Last updated: 08 July 2023
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