We examined the longitudinal course of, and pre- and during-pandemic risk factors for, self-injury and domestic physical violence perpetration in young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data came from a Swiss longitudinal study (N = 786, age ~22 in 2020), with one prepandemic (2018) and four during-pandemic assessments (2020). The prevalence of self-injury did not change between April (during the first Swiss national lockdown) and September 2020 (postlockdown). Domestic violence perpetration increased temporarily in males. Prepandemic self-injury was a major risk factor for during-pandemic self-injury. Specific living arrangements, pandemic-related stressor accumulation, and a lack of adaptive coping strategies were associated with during-pandemic self-injury and domestic violence. Stressor accumulation had indirect effects on self-injury and domestic violence through negative emotions.


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Steinhoff, A., Bechtiger, L., Ribeaud, D., Murray, A., Hepp, U., Eisner, M. & Shanahan, L. 2021, 'Self-Injury and Domestic Violence in Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic:Trajectories, Precursors, and Correlates', Journal of Research on Adolescence, 31(3), pp. 560-575. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12659

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Last updated: 06 October 2022
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