Mass vaccination of the global population against SARS-CoV-2 will, we hope, turn the tide against this devastating pandemic. To complement vaccinations, better tools are needed to enable viral infections and immunological protection to be monitored. Accurate tools provide sound data for informed decision-making at many levels, from personal to governmental. The measurement of viral RNA is currently routinely used to detect active infections, but only gives a positive result during infection and is unable to reveal historic infections. Tests involving a detection of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies can reveal prior exposures to virus and can measure anti-viral immune responses induced after natural infection or after vaccination. They may eventually also be used to predict an individual's likelihood of becoming re-infected. Here, we report on the development of a sensitive ELISA technique to detect multiple isotypes of antibodies against the spike glycoprotein, in samples of both serum and saliva. This paper provides an important step towards understanding the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 and may therefore eventually help us to effectively control it.


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Milling, S. 2021, 'Sensitive detection of anti‐spike antibodies enables improved understanding of SARS‐CoV‐2 pathogenesis', Immunology: The Journal of Cells, Molecules, Systems and Technologies, 164(1), pp. 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1111/imm.13399

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Last updated: 17 June 2022
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