This study explores the experiences of hope during the pandemic for higher education students using a qualitative study consisting of semi-structured interviews with nine participants. Thematic analysis identified three core themes; hope, adaptability and wellbeing. Findings revealed that elements of wellbeing, reflected in the PERMA framework, were reported to cultivate hope and adaptability during the pandemic, for university students.


This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Cite as

Hoelterhoff, M., Hinds, R., Andersson, L., Lennestål, E., Stewart, M. & Cobourne, D. 2024, 'The experience of PERMA, hope and adaptability for UK Higher Education students during the COVID-19 pandemic', International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41042-023-00143-0

Downloadable citations

Download HTML citationHTML Download BIB citationBIB Download RIS citationRIS
Last updated: 06 May 2024
Was this page helpful?