This paper develops a comparative assessment of the state of asylum in Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay. It argues that an accelerated weakening of refugee protection, exacerbated during the pandemic, has taken place across the region. Faced with growing mixed flows, the region’s refugee framework has either been used as an ad hoc regularization mechanism or not been broadly used. Also, pandemic mitigation measures have further weakened access to asylum, through militarization and border closures, and a platitude of deterrence practices. These regressive practices may result in the undermining, abandonment and/or replacement of the region’s widely praised refugee governance.


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Zapata, G., Gandini, L., Vera Espinoza, M. & Prieto Rosas, V. 2023, 'Weakening Practices Amidst Progressive Laws: Refugee Governance in Latin America during COVID-19', Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/15562948.2022.2163521

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Last updated: 10 October 2023
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