22 February 2022.
Date that data were acquired
Summary of inpatient, day case and outpatient activity and bed statistics for NHSScotland.
Health and social care.
Timeframe of data and timeliness
Data from the quarter ending 30 September 2016 to the quarter ending 30 September 2021.
This data release is updated quarterly.
Scottish Morbidity Records SMR01 (inpatient and day case for acute specialties), SMR00 (outpatients) and ISD(S)1 aggregated data returns (beds and return outpatients). ISD(S)1 also does not record information on the age or sex of patients, nor the deprivation of the area in which they live.
All our data releases are in line with our guidelines for accessibility. This data release was last assessed by the UK Statistical Authority in September 2011.
Continuity and Accuracy of Data
Reports include quarterly data up to 30 September 2021.
In 2017, the specialty groupings were updated in order to better align with clinical practice. This led to changes in the figures for some groupings compared to previous published figures, including an apparent decrease in 'acute specialty' figures. For this reason, the inpatient and outpatient activity and the average available staffed beds for acute specialties from publications prior to November 2017 cannot be directly compared to the numbers presented here.
A review of specialty spells and beds estimations methodologies were conducted prior to the November 2020 publication. As a result, there may be some differences when comparing with previous publications. For more information, please see our methods section and the Specialty Spells Methodology paper (PDF, 313KB).
An issue with matching the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) information to SMR01 and SMR00 data has been identified and resolved. However, this means that the SIMD breakdowns shown in previous releases (i.e. quarterly publications released in December 2017, March 2018, and June 2018) may not match those in the current release.
An issue with the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) in the May 2020 release has been identified whereby SIMD did not match on for Outpatient activity in 2015 only. As a result, 'NA' was identified for all 2015 Outpatient SIMD activity. This issue has since been resolved from the November 2020 release onwards.
The quarterly publication should not be used to approximate yearly figures, as NHS Boards can update and submit their data monthly which may result in changes in the recent data shown from one publication to another. This means that there will likely be more variation in the quarterly data which would level off over the year when presenting annual data within the annual publication. Also, it should be noted that the quarterly publication includes acute hospitals only. In addition, only acute specialties are included in the inpatient and day case figures.
Acute Assessment Unit (AAU) / Ambulatory Emergency Care (AEC) activity
Acute Assessment Unit (AAU)
The AAU is a dedicated facility for the acute clinical care of patients that present to hospital as clinical emergencies or who develop an acute clinical problem while in hospital. The units may also carry out some planned healthcare.
Generally, these units have both trolleyed areas and staffed beds which form part of the hospitals bed complement. Where trolleys are used in lieu of beds, patients should be counted as inpatients.
Acute Assessment Unit (AAU) is the preferred term for services also known as:
- medical/surgical assessment unit
- combined assessment units
- clinical assessment units
- acute medical (assessment) units
- paediatric assessment units
- acute receiving ward/unit admission unit
These cases should be recorded under significant facility 40.
Ambulatory Emergency Care (AEC)
An Ambulatory Emergency Care Unit is a multidisciplinary 'one stop' service.
It provides Outpatient and Day case services only.
These cases should be recorded under significant facility 39.
National recording of AAU & AEC activity
Currently AAU activity is only being submitted by some NHS Boards within SMR01. NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde AAU activity stopped in 2017. NHS Highland have been submitting AEC cases via SMR01 using criteria agreed by PHS to ensure that they pass validation rules as an interim measure. NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde has opted to record these cases differently from NHS Highland since they consider a number of these cases to be non-elective day cases which, due to recording rules, cannot be recorded that way on Trakcare. As such they took the decision to record them as Emergency Department activity to allow them to be able to follow the patient through the system. However, from September 2019 onwards, the Royal Alexandra Hospital within NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde have started to record AAU cases again within SMR01.
NHS Western Isles and NHS Ayrshire & Arran started submitting AEC cases via SMR00 from June 2020 and July 2021 respectively. NHS Dumfries & Galloway started submitting AEC cases via SMR01 from August 2020 onwards. Data Management have been in contact with these NHS Boards to discuss these cases and whether the records should be updated to reflect a more appropriate significant facility code. NHS Western Isles have advised that they are updating the facility code to '11 – Other' and resubmitting. NHS Ayrshire & Arran have said that they have changed the Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) clinic held at their Clinical Decisions unit to significant facility 39 from July 2021. NHS Dumfries & Galloway have informed that these cases are part of a trial where Advanced Nurse Practitioners see suitable patients. If required, these will be passed to consultants to see under Significant Facility 40 Acute Medical unit. NHS Lothian have said they are not planning to update the significant facility codes they use; therefore, it remains difficult to quantify Ambulatory Care activity.
There are ongoing discussions with NHS Boards, the Scottish Government and PHS on the most appropriate way for capturing this activity including AEC cases. It is hoped that national definitions and guidance on how to record this activity can be agreed by all NHS Boards.
Change to Council Area/NHS board codes
There have been two minor boundary changes to council areas since early 2018. The first change was for Keltybridge and Fife Environmental Energy Park at Westfield. The official implementation date of this change was 2 February 2018. As a result, the following geographies are impacted and new 9-digit codes have been generated: Council Areas, Electoral Wards, Health Boards, Health and Social Care Partnerships, Police Divisions, Fire and Rescue, Postcodes and LAU1. The changes for geography codes commonly used by PHS are as follows:
|Old code||New code|
|Old code||New code|
The second change has been to the Cardowan and Stepps areas of Glasgow and Lanarkshire. The official implementation date of this change was 1st April 2019. As a result, the boundaries for Health Board (NHS Great Glasgow & Clyde, NHS Lanarkshire) and HSCP (Glasgow City, North Lanarkshire) have changed to align with the new council area boundary. The changes for geography codes commonly used by PHS are as follows:
|Old code||New code|
Health and Social Care Partnership (HSCP)
|Old code||New code|
|Old code||New code|
|Greater Glasgow and Clyde||S08000021||S08000031|
Hospital/location code changes
Dumfries & Galloway Royal Infirmary (Y104H) moved location in December 2017, and activity is now recorded under a new code, Y146H. The name remains "Dumfries & Galloway Royal Infirmary". To ensure that no activity is missed, and to allow trends to be presented, the two hospital codes Y146H and Y104H (for SMR01 and SMR00 activity) are combined in our analyses under Y146H. The old site (Y104H) still exists and is now a treatment centre named "Mountainhall Treatment Centre". This new activity will be reported separately under a new code (Y177C) which came into effect in December 2017.
From 1st December 2018, Stirling Community Hospital closed along with all its wards and the Bellfield Centre opened. The Bellfield Centre provides short-term inpatient care, assessment or rehabilitation for people who require additional support following an operation or illness. Within the Bellfield Centre there is one new NHS ward, the Wallace Suite. Most of the beds are converting to partnership controlled intermediate beds. This may impact on NHS Forth Valley’s bed figures.
Balfour Hospital (R101H) moved location between April and November 2019. Both the hospital name and code have changed to "The Balfour" and R103H respectively. For inpatient, outpatient and beds activity, both hospital codes have been added together.
A new location code (N501H) was introduced to differentiate between care home activity recorded under (N124R) Rosewell House and the NHS hospital activity (N501H) - Rosewell House (NHS Wards). For inpatient and day case activity, the records previously submitted for N124R (Rosewell House - Care Home) from the end of January 2021 have been resubmitted under N501H (Rosewell House – NHS Activity). For beds activity, both hospital codes have been added together to ensure no activity is missed during this transition period.
The Royal Hospital for Children and Young People (S319H) officially opened in March 2021, and the Royal Hospital for Sick Children (S225H) closed on the same date. Following guidance from NHS Lothian, the activity from these locations is combined under the name and code of the new hospital S319H.
From November 2020 onwards, the activity formerly being undertaken within Roodlands General Hospital (S113H) is now being recorded under East Lothian Community Hospital (S320H).
NHS Louisa Jordan hospital (G101Z) has been included within this publication. The hospital hasn’t been used to treat coronavirus (COVID-19) patients, but has seen patients receiving dermatology, general and plastic surgery, and trauma & orthopaedic outpatient consultations since the start of July 2020. From January 2021, the hospital treated day case patients within the gastroenterology and general surgery specialties. The NHS Louisa Jordan hospital closed at the end of March 2021.
Geographical coding changes have been applied to make the coding of 'Other' locations e.g. when patients have no fixed abode and are resident outside Scotland/UK to be consistent with PHS Open Data Geography Codes (external website).
All revisions to data within this release are planned and are due to incomplete data returns at the time of publication. All tables will be revised annually or quarterly. In general, these revisions have minimal effect on the statistics. If data providers discover that data submitted for publication is incorrect, and/or missing/incomplete and is significant, this can be re-submitted and published in subsequent releases. Any changes will be highlighted within the publication release. Please see the PHS revisions policy (PDF, 61KB) for further details.
Revisions Relevant to this Publication
The geography and SIMD lookup files are based on the latest versions of the National Records of Scotland 2020v2 Scottish Postcode Directory available at the time of data analysis.
Postcode has been used to map directly to NHS Board and Council Areas rather than using the existing NHS Board and Council Area variables within the SMR dataset. This may introduce minimal changes when compared to previous releases.
Relevance and key uses of the statistics
Concepts and definitions
Data Quality and Completeness
Under terms of the "Pre-Release Access to Official Statistics (Scotland) Order 2008", PHS are obliged to publish information on those receiving Pre-Release Access. ("Pre-Release Access" refers to statistics in their final form prior to publication.) The standard maximum Pre-Release Access is five working days.
This Pre-Release Access is for the sole purpose of enabling that department to gain an understanding of the statistics prior to briefing others in Scottish Government (during the period of standard Pre-Release Access).
Shown below are details of those receiving Standard Pre-Release Access and those receiving Extended Pre-Release Access.
Standard Pre-Release Access:
- Scottish Government Health Department
- NHS Board Chief Executives
- NHS Board Communication Leads
Early Access for Quality Assurance
These statistics will also have been made available to those who needed access to help quality assure the publication:
- Public Health Scotland
- Scottish Government Performance and Delivery Directorate – Deputy Director, Principal Information Analyst
Disclosure control methods have been applied to the data in order to protect patient confidentiality, therefore some figures may not be additive. The PHS protocol on Statistical Disclosure Protocol is followed.
Value type and unit of measurement
In general, figures are shown as numbers, percentages or rates.
Coherence and clarity
Versions of this publication released before 16 March 2020 may be found on the Data and Intelligence website. Information published prior to September 2019 is listed on the Hospital Care Publication page.
Official Statistics designation
The UK Statistics Authority has designated these statistics (external website) as National Statistics signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Statistics, available on the UK Statistics Authority website (external website).
UK Statistics Authority Assessment
The statistics last underwent a full assessment (external website) by the Office for Statistics Regulation (OSR) against the Code of Practice in September 2011. The OSR is the regulatory arm of the UK Statistics Authority.
The Office of National Statistics United Kingdom Health Statistics 2010 publication (external website) provides a single point of reference for the comparison of key figures between the four constituent countries of the UK. Hospital activity and bed statistics can be found within chapters 6 and 8 respectively. Whilst the four UK countries worked collaboratively to maximise the comparability of the figures, it is important to note that differences between the countries remain in the way that data measures are collected and classified, and because of differences between countries in the organisation of health and social services. The report includes the details of these differences where relevant.
Hospital activity data from England, Wales and Northern Ireland are available separately but should not be directly compared with published data from Scotland.
- England - Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) (external website)
- Wales - NHS Hospital Actvity (external website)
- Northern Ireland - Hospital Statistics & Research (external website)