To identify the differences in experiences during wave I and II of the COVID-19 pandemic among healthcare leaders. It is expected, that working conditions for COVID-19-pandemic frontline staff will change, as health care organizations have gained experience with handling the consequences of the disease. An online survey was sent out to Danish health care leaders during the first and the second pandemic wave. Comparative analyses were performed in relation to three key characteristics: management level, management education and experiences as a leader. Eighty-nine health care leaders completed both surveys. Significant differences were found within the entire group across the key characteristics as they felt more prepared for each stage of the situation, they had more influence on the decisions taken, and they felt more concerned about the quality of treatment and care and their own health. Further significant results related to the three key characteristics were found at 1) Management level: The heads of department experienced being better informed, having more overview of their tasks and that these were meaningful. The ward managers experienced being more able to work in consistency with own beliefs and values, though they felt more overloaded. 2) Level of management education: Leaders, without a formal management education, experienced being more supported by staff. 3) Years of experiences as leader: Leaders with more than five years of experience, experienced being more prepared and informed, had more influence on decision-making, and were more worried about their own health. The learning from experience that happens naturally in crisis situations is the reason why the leaders feel more prepared. However, there is a need for further leadership and practice development, to create contexts where leaders feel more ready for all aspects of their role. [Abstract copyright: © 2021 Hølge-Hazelton et al.]


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Cite as

Hølge-Hazelton, B., Zacho Borre, L., Kjerholt, M., McCormack, B. & Rosted, E. 2021, 'The differences in experiences among multi-level healthcare leaders, between the first and the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic: Two cross-sectional studies compared', Journal of Healthcare Leadership, 13, pp. 209-219. https://doi.org/10.2147/JHL.S326019

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Last updated: 16 June 2022
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